Melanoma is a serious skin disease characterized by malignant cells that develop within melanocytes. Thankfully, we offer melanoma treatment right here at Lakeside Dermatology.
As your body’s largest organ, your skin protects you against sunlight, infection, injury, and heat. It also helps to regulate your body temperature and provide storage space for fat, water, and vitamin D. Your skin consists of multiple layers, but the two main skin layers are known as the epidermis and dermis. The epidermis skin layer is where skin cancer begins to form.
Your epidermis is composed of three types of skin cells: squamous cells, basal cells, and melanocytes. The squamous cells are flat, thin skin cells forming the upper part of the epidermis. The basal cells are found under skin cells. Melanocytes produce the melanin that gives your skin its color and are located in the bottom part of your epidermis.
What is Melanoma?
Melanoma is a rare type of skin cancer. It is known for being more invasive of the surrounding skin tissue and prone to spread to the rest of the body. Cutaneous melanoma is what melanoma is called when it begins in the skin. Melanoma can also affect the mucous membranes of the skin.
What Causes Melanoma?
Anything that has a tendency to increase your odds of developing a disease is known as a risk factor. Merely having a risk factor does not guarantee that you will develop cancer.
Some risk factors for developing melanoma include:
* Having fair skin that burns and freckles easily
* Exposure to artificial sunlight or natural sunlight for a prolonged period
* A history of sunburns, particularly as a child
* Having a family history of melanoma
* Having a weak immune system
Melanoma treatment recommendations vary, depending upon certain factors like primary melanoma thickness, the stage of the melanoma, the rate of growth, and the overall medical condition of the patient. Surgical procedures typically involve the tumor removal along with some surrounding skin tissue.